Monday, 15 December 2014

Flower of the Day: Echinacea purpurea

Echinacea purpurea

"Purple coneflower" redirects here. This common name is sometimes used for other purple flowered plants in the genus Echinacea.

Echinacea purpurea (eastern purple coneflower or purple coneflower) is a species of flowering plant in the genus Echinacea of the family Asteraceae.
Its cone-shaped flowering heads are usually, but not always, purple in the wild.
It is native to eastern North America and present to some extent in the wild in much of the eastern, southeastern and midwest United States.

This herbaceous perennial is 120 cm (47 in) tall by 25 cm (10 in) wide at maturity. Depending on the climate, it blooms throughout spring to late summer.
Its individual flowers (florets) within the flower head are hermaphroditic, having both male and female organs on each flower.
It is pollinated by butterflies and bees. Its habitats include dry open woods, prairies and barrens, as well as cultivated beds.
Although the plant prefers loamy or sandy, well-drained soils, it is little affected by the soil's pH.

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